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Driven Wild Boar Hunting

Basic Information for Hunters

This is really intended for the less experienced hunters. However, I would respectfully suggest that we all read through it, as it will also be a reminder for those of us who have been before.

Lithuania is in the European Union. The National currency is the Letas. However, the Euro is accepted and is more flexible as you can use it in other countries. Although perhaps obvious, you will require a current passport that will cover the period of your trip and will not expire until 6 months after you return.

As with any visit to Europe make sure you take your E 111 certificate. This will enable you to receive medical treatment under a reciprocal agreement should you require it. An E111 is obtainable from your local post office. It is important to remember that the E111 is for Emergency Treatment Only and that it does not cover follow up treatment or repatriation cost if require. So as with any travel abroad it is important to have your own personal travel insurance to cover any medical treatment and any personal loss.

To go hunting in Europe you will need a current UK shotgun or firearms certificate. Also require a European Firearms Pass, as this will be required to obtain the hunting permits. Your local Firearms licensing Authority will provide one for you, free of charge, on request. Once you have a European Firearms Pass you can hire a rifle and ammunition in Europe. Please let me know as soon as possible if you require to hire a firearm.

If you intend to bring your own rifle, the minimum calibre required is a .270 firing 150 grain soft nose ammunition.  Other calibres that can be used are .308, 30-06, 7mm, 7x64, 9.3x57, .45x70 Alternatively you can use a rifled slug in a shotgun. However, this is something you will need to apply for, as an extra to your shotgun certificate, rifled slugs can only be purchased with a firearm certificate. If you wish to consider this option. Remember to ensure that your shotgun can take the riled slug in relation to chamber length, pressure and choke restrictions

In any field sport that involves the shooting of live quarry. It is essential that you know were to shoot to ensure a clean kill. You will note that on the right there is a diagram of the internal skeleton and vital organs of a Wild Boar. As you will see the heart is quite low in the animal and the point of aim is normally the snout or the eye.

These animals can range from 55 kilos to over 250 kilos and they are a very strong and powerful creature. In our opinion it is far better to miss a boar than to wound one.

Third party insurance is also Essential. and membership to the British Association for Shooting and Conservation will provide the cover you require for shooting in both the UK and Europe. Please see the BASC.

All beaters will be wearing Hi-vis waist coats and hats and the guns will also do the same. Once the drive has started. It is important not to move from you allocated position until after the drive is finished.

Leaving your position may put you in the danger area that other guns may be shooting into. Never go to look for any boar you think you might have wounded. A wounded boar is more that capable of seriously wounding or killing either a dog or a hunter. 150kg of wounded boar with tusks is extremely dangerous.

It is a good idea to take a roll of insulation tape with you. If you put a single piece over the end of the muzzle of your rifle but (Not a Shotgun) It will stop the egress of mud or snow getting into the muzzle. To explain, at the point of firing the air pressure being forced up the muzzle will blow a hole in the tape. Unlike a bore obstruction that can burst the barrel.

In the event you think you have hit but not killed a boar, wait until the end of the drive, then tell the beaters who will use tracking hounds to find it.

Important Basic Information for all Hunters

For those of you who have not been on a driven Boar shoot before. The most important thing that we all must remember is not how good a shot are you, but how safe a shot are you.

All hunters should wear some sort of Hi-vis clothing. This can be a cap, scarf, waist coat or arm bands. This greatly assists your personal safety in the gun line and enables you to see the next hunter.

In a pheasant shoot even though the beaters and dogs are walking towards you, all your shots are skyward and not normally below 45 degrees. In contrast, shooting driven wild boar, the beaters and dogs are walking towards you just the same, but you are shooting at ground level.

Your firearm MUST NOT be raised or fired above 45 degrees and constant attention must be paid not only to the beaters but also the other hunters to your right and left. Dogs can also be on the heels of a boar and it is better to not take the shot than kill a dog.

On some drives, grey Husky dogs will be used, it is important that you do not think it is a Wolf. There is one main difference between a Husky and a Wolf. The tail of a Wolf hangs down like a fox, were as a Husky’s tail curls up on to its back. 

When standing in a line it is important that the whole gun line stands close to the forest. Then if a boar runs through the line it would be possible to take the shot. If another hunter is stood back behind the line the shot could not be taken, as they would be in the firing line.

Boar are highly intelligent animals, therefore it is vital to keep still and silent. Boar drives can be long in terms of time and distance. The beaters can be driving the boar for 1- 2 miles, so not much may happen for a while. It is for the hunter to be patient and not take the chance of warning the boar were you are located. Enjoy watching the birds and animals that are driven by you, as you will see Roe Deer, Red Deer, Foxes, Wood dog, Racoons, Pine Martin, Hares, Wolves and Elk. Keeping still and silent will enable you to see these animals so close you will hardly believe it.

Even though the interpreter will tell us we can shoot other species such as wood dogs, pine martins and foxes. It has been agreed to only shoot at Wild Boar, as by shooting at other animals such as foxes in greatly reduces the chances of getting that trophy Keiler. 

It is also important to make sure you do not shoot a lead female (Sow). It is not often a male Boar leads the herd and the structure of the herd will normally be for a sow to lead out first followed by the piglets. These need not be tiny like newly born farm yard size piglets but will obviously be much smaller that the mother. To shoot a lead sow with piglets will incur a fine of at least 400 Euro plus the cost of the sow which would be 900 Euro in total. Please note:- Fines do not come out of the trophy pot. The hunter who shoots the lead sow pays the fine.

When confronted by a herd of boar running by you, or at you, try to shoot the third boar from the front. Then you are sure you have not shoot the lead sow. In many situations the large male boar will hang back at the rear of the herd so that he is seeing what dangers there may be. This is where you might choose not to shoot at the boar in front and wait to see if that large Keiler is at the rear of the group. In reality he may not be, but the choice is yours.

The Keiler can be identified by three things, his large tusks, the rough bristle hare on his shoulders and his tassel, which is the sheath over his penis. In a still picture, or looking at a standing boar not too difficult to identify. However, when running in a herd in snow or in heavy cover when you heart is pounding it is a little more difficult.

I think it is always more enjoyable if you can interact in some basic conversation with the local people you are sharing the hunt with. As we have Andrius, our interpreter, we do not actually need to learn any words or phrases in Lithuanian. However, over the years we have found a few basic words useful and Andrius has given us a list of a few you might like to try and learn.  Please try to exchange a few words with our local hosts. I am sure they would like to talk to us and possibly lack the confidence in speaking English. If all else fails, show them the word on the card. Remember we all share an understanding as hunters.

You will be given a laminated card of the words below. So take it out with you on the hunt. I am sure our Lithuanian hosts will also be encouraged by us trying to engage with them and this will add to the enjoyment of the hunt for both parties.

English                            Lithuanian  Spoken as sounds like

Hello/Hi                                 Labas                        La – bas

Good morning                      Labas rytas                La - bas – re - tas

Good afternoon                     Laba diena                 La – ba – dear – na

Good night                             Labanakt                    La – ba- nucked

Thank you                              Aciu-                         A - choo

Yes                                        Taip                           Type

No                                         Ne                             Ne

Sorry                                      Atsiprasau                  A – tsi – pra –show

Please/Welcome                     Prasau                       Pra – show

I hit it                                       Pataikiau                   Pa - tie - cow        

I missed it                                Prasoviau                   Pra - shore -vow 

Fine/Good                              Gerai                        Ge – righ

Nothing                                  Nieko                        Near – core

That‘s it/Finished                     Viskas                        Vis – cas


The syllable in bold signifies the stressed syllable in a word.

Other costs explained

The cost of the 3 days hunting, accommodation, transport and food is all inclusive. The only extra costs involved in the hunt are the cost of the trophies. This can either be the boar shot being simply, females, yearlings and male boar, the females are charged for on the size and age of the animal and the boar buy the length of the tusks. The trophy fee is the cost of shooting the individual animal; in this case it is just wild boar. You will see attached a list of the trophy prices.

On our hunts we operate a trophy pot system. This means that each hunter pays 500 Euros into the pot giving a group of 10 hunters a total trophy pot of 5000 Euros. If there were to be boar shot in excess of the trophy pot the balance would be divided equally between the group. E.g. If the total of trophies shot were in excess of the pot to say a value of 800 Euros it would mean a group of ten hunters would each pay an extra 80 Euros.

If whole trophy pot was not used then the remainder is divided equally between the hunters.

Please see the trophy tariff. Hunters please note A large mature sow will cost 500 Euro so only 10 would be in excess of the pot. The Sows are expensive because they are the breading stock for future boar population. Experienced hunters will be selective and only shoot the one and two year old boar and the as currently you will note they are only 45 Euro and 130 Euro each. Obviously your aim is to try and shoot a large male boar or as it is known a “Keiler”.  

As to the flights we try to book them as a group to get a competitive rate. This year the cost is likely to be approx £300 with a group booking due to the inflationary cost and the 2½ % raise in V.A.T. For those taking their own firearms we also have to pay an extra £30 approximately for sporting goods each way. This is fairly new and applies to skis, golf clubs, fishing tackle, scuba gear and firearms. BEA charge £50 last year. One we learned from last year! The airport now charges an extra £20 Euros to take firearms out. We were not told about this until we were checking in

 Alcoholic beverage, or soft drinks such as fruit juice are not included and we operate a system were people have what ever they wish and divide the bill between the party at the end of the trip. As a guide this is approximately 35 Euros each at the end of the 3 days.

Tips and other cost are normally worked out on a set fee by us and the gratuities work out to 150 Euro. This will cover the interpreter, hunter, kitchen ladies, drivers and beaters. The tips for the beaters are collected daily at 20 Euros from each of us at breakfast.

The electricity is the European 220 volt 2 pin system so an adaptor is required for use with your razor, mobile phone charger, lap top etc.

I think it is also worth mentioning that as in many countries in Europe there are no tea or coffee making facilities in the rooms. If this is something you feel you would like to have it is suggested that you bring a travel kettle some tea bags, coffee, sugar and milk.